بِسْمِ اللَّـهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيم
*The Night of Emigration*
On the night of his emigration (hijra) from Mecca to Medina, the Prophet (Saww) asked Imam Ali (a.s.) to sleep in his bed to defeat the conspiracy of the Meccans to kill him.
He entrusted and authorized Imam Ali (a.s.) to do all the things that were to be done by the Prophet (Saww) himself, including bringing to Medina all the family members of the Prophet’s household. Imam Ali (a.s.) remained in Mecca for three days and returned the deposits of money or goods entrusted to the Prophet (Saww) by the people of Mecca.
*The Bond of Brotherhood*
First at Mecca and again at Medina, the Prophet (Saww) created the bond of brotherhood and recited the declaration of fraternity among his companions. He chose Imam Ali (a.s.) and declared him to be his brother in this world and the afterworld. He compared his relationship with Imam Ali (a.s.) with the relationship between Moses and Aaron.
*The Sura of at-Tawba*
When the ninth Chapter of the Qur’an was revealed, the Prophet (Saww) asked Imam Ali (a.s.) to recite it to the Meccans, saying that God commanded that either he (the Prophet) himself or a man from him and no one else should carry out that task. The Prophet (S) added, “Ali is from me and I am from Ali; he is my brother, my guardian, my successor, and my caliph over my Ummah after me. He will discharge my obligations and fulfill my promises and none other than Ali (a.s.) can do so.”
On the occasion of the dispute with the Christians of Najran, the verse known as ‘the Aya of Mubahala’ was revealed commanding the Holy Prophet (S) to take with him his men, women, and children. The Prophet (S) chose none except his daughter Fatima (a.s.) to represent women, Imam Ali (a.s.) to represent men, and Imam Hasan and Imam Husayn (a.s.) to represent his children.
*Madinatul Ilm (the city of knowledge)*
The most important aspect of Prophethood, one that distinguishes a prophet from ordinary human beings, is the Divine Wisdom bestowed upon the prophet and revealed from time to time through Wahi (revelation). About the Divine Wisdom granted to the Prophet Muhammad (S), he said, “I am the city of knowledge and Ali is its gate; those, who wish to enter the city of knowledge, should do so by passing through the gate.”
Ameer Ali’s the Spirit of Islam, p. 47.
At-Tabari, vol. 2 p.244,
ibn Khaldun, vol. 2 p.15,
ibn Hisham, vol. 2 p. 94,
Abul Fida, vol. 1 p.126,
ibn Kathir, vol. 7 p.338,
Al Kamil of ibn al-Athir, vol. 2 p. 38,
Al-Mas’udi, vol. 2 p.174-175,
Dayarbakhti vol. 1 p.367.
Sahih of Al-Bukhari, Bab Manaqib Ali, vol. 3, p.146,
Sahih of Muslim, Bab Fadha’il Ali [s], vol. 7 p.120,
Sunan of ibn Maja, vol. 1 p. 55,
At-Tabari vol. 3, 144,
Musnad of Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal, vol. 1, p. 170, 173, 175, 177, 179, 182, 184 and 185, vol. 3 p.32, 338, vol. 6 p. 369, 438,
Tabaqat of ibn Sa’d, vol. 3 Part 1, p.14,
Tarikh of ibn Kathir, vol. 7 p.224, 334, 338-341,
The Caliphate, p. 168.
Al-Bukhari’s Kitabus Salaat, p.238,
At-Tbari vol. 3, p.154,
ibn Khaldun, vol. 3 p.222-225,
Habib al-Sayar, vol. 1 Part 3, p.72,
Tabaqat of ibn Sa’d, vol. 2 Pat 1, p.121,
Abul Fida, vol. 1, p.150,
Tarikh al-Khamis, vol. 2, p.156,
Fat~h al-Bari, vol. 8, p.241,
ibn al-Athir, vol. 2, p.111,
Madarij an-Nubuwwa, vol. 2, p.492,
ibn Kathir, vol. 7, p.337, 357.
Madarij an-Nubuwwa, Part 2, p.498-500,
Sahih of Muslim, vol. 7, p.120-121,
Habib as-Sayyar, vol. 1, Part 3, p.73-74,
ibn Hajar al-Makki’s as-Sawa’iq, Ch. 9, Section 1, p.93 and Section 2 p.72,
Tarikh of ibn Kathir, vol. 7, p.3,
As-Sayuti’s ad-Durr al-Manthur vol. 2, p.39,
Al-Riyad of Mohibat-Tabari, Part 2, CH 2, Section 6, p.188,
Fakhruddin ar-Razi’s Tafseer al-Kabeer, vol. 2, p.700,
Al-Kashshaf of az-Zamakhshari, vol. 1 p.307.
Qur’an, 2:31, 2:247, 5:113, 18:65, 19:12, 21:79.
Ibn Hajar al-Makki’s as-Sawaiq, chap 9, Section 2, p. 73,
Mustadrak, vol. 3, p.126-127,
Yanabee’ul Mawaddah, chap. 14, p. 65, 71-72,
Mohib at-Tabari’s ar-Riyad an-Nadira, Part 2, Ch. 4, Section 6, p.193
Kanzul Ummal, vol. 6, p. 152 and 401,
ibn Kathir’s Tarikh, vol. 7, p.358-359,
ibn Abdul Barr’s al-Isti’ab, Part 2, p.474-475.
رَبَّنَا تَقَبَّلْ مِنَّا إِنَّكَ أَنتَ السَّمِيعُ الْعَلِيمُ
اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلى مُحَمَّدٍ وَّآلِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَّعَجِّلْ فَرَجَهُمْ
وَالْعَنْ أَعْدَائَهُمْ اَجْمَعِيْن
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