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Who is Imam Mehdi a.s & why do Shiya Muslims expect his return?

بِسْمِ اللَّـهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيم

One of the issues unanimously accepted by all Divine religions is that of the Reformer who will reappear at the End of the Time. Not only Islamic societies but also Jewish and Christian societies await the one who will administer justice all over the world. This fact will be made clear by referring to the Old and New Testaments.[1] The holy Prophet of Islam also made a statement which the Islamic traditionists have quoted:

"If there remains of the world only a single day, Allah will lengthen it until He has sent one from the people of my household. He will fill the world with equity and justice after it has been filled with injustice or oppression."[2]

Such a Reformer is, therefore, acknowledged by prophets.

There are also numerous traditions in the Sunni scholars' anthology of traditions (i.e. Sahihs and Musnads) concerning the Promised Mahdi. Besides, the Islamic traditionists - Sunni as well as Shiite scholars - have written a large number of books about him.[3] The descriptions given in all these traditions do fit the immediate son of Imam Hasan 'Askari[4] (The eleventh Imam of the Shiites), whose name is the same as the noble Prophet's.[5] He is the twelfth Imam[6] and a grandson from the line of Imam Husayn, the son of 'Ali Ibn Abi-Talib.[7] The Promised Mahdi was, upon God's command, born in 255 H / 877 A.D. and now continues his life in an unknown guise.

It is necessary to mention that such a long life is inharmonious neither with science nor with the logic of revelation. Modern science is planning to lengthen man's life and believes that man has the disposition for living long, and the possibility will increase if disasters and harms are, in part, prevented.

Mention has also been made in the history of those who have had long lives. For instance, the following verses of the Qur'an can be mentioned regarding the Prophets Noah and Jonah:

"So he remained among them a thousand years save fifty years." (29:14)

"And had he not been one of those who glorify (Us), he would certainly have tarried in its (the whale's) belly to the Day of Resurrection." (37:144)

From the viewpoint of the Qur'an as well as that of Muslims, Khidr, the noble Prophet, and the Noble Jesus are still alive.

[1] (The Old Testament: Book of Psalms of David, 96-97; Book of Daniel, Chap. 12. The New Testament: The Gospel of Matthew, Chap. 24; The Gospel of Mark, Chap. 13; The Gospel of Luke, Chap. 21.

[2] (Sunan Abi-Dawud. Egypt: al-Taziyah Press. Vol. 2, p. 207; Yanabi al-Mawaddah, Chap. 2, P. 432; Nur al-Absar, Chap. 2, p. 154.

[3] (Muhammad Ibn Yusuf al-Kanji al-Shafii's al-Bayan fi Akhbar Sahib al-Zaman; al-Burhan fi 'Alamati Mahdiy akhir al-Zaman by 'Ali Ibn Husam al-Din (known as al-Muttaqi al-Hindi); al-Mahdi wa'l-Mahdawiyyah by Ahmad Amin of Egypt. Shiite scholars have written numerous books on the subject, such as al-Malahim wa'l-Fitan.

[4] Yanabi al-Mawaddah fi al-Manaqib by Jabir ibn 'Abdullah al-Ansari.

[5] Sahih al-Tirmidhi, vol. 2, p. 46, Delhi, 1342; Musnad Ahmad, Vol. 1, p. 376, Egypt, l313.

[6] Yanabi al-Mawaddah, p. 443.

[7] Ibid, p. 432.

رَبَّنَا تَقَبَّلْ مِنَّا إِنَّكَ أَنتَ السَّمِيعُ الْعَلِيمُ

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلى مُحَمَّدٍ وَّآلِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَّعَجِّلْ فَرَجَهُمْ

وَالْعَنْ أَعْدَائَهُمْ اَجْمَعِيْن

🤲 اللھم عجل لولیک الفرج(ع)🤲

التماس دعا

فی امان لله


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